2nd Midterm Study Guide for Polsci 111,
Intro to American Government & Politics, Spring 1998


On the exam we will randomly choose four questions from the six listed below. You will be required to answer two of the four chosen questions.



  1. Compare and contrast dual federalism and cooperative federalism. Which form of federalism do liberals embrace? Why? Which form of federalism do conservatives prefer? Why? Be sure to discuss the elastic clause in your answer.
  2. What are the functions of party identification -- for the individual citizen as well as for the political system?
  3. We know that the average American is neither interested in nor well-informed about politics. How, then, are average people able to engage in sensible political behavior?
  4. What is conventional political participation, and what is unconventional participation? Under what circumstances does unconventional political behavior become a rational strategy for achieving political goals?
  5. How would a political scientist explain why a life-long Republican might have voted for Bill Clinton in 1996. Be sure to discuss long-term and short term forces in your analyses of individual vote choice.
  6. Explain why the outcome of elections often is determined by those voters who have the least information and interest in politics.